Religion

42 Principles of Maat 2000 years before Ten Commandments

The Ten Commandments, eight of them at least, were taken from the Egyptian Principles of Ma’at written at least 2000 years earlier.

180px-maatsvg.png Written at least 2,000 years before the Ten Commandments of Moses, the 42 Principles of Ma’at are one of Africa’s, and the world’s, oldest sources of moral and spiritual instruction. Ma’at, the Ancient Egyptian divine Principle of Truth, Justice, and Righteousness, is the foundation of natural and social order and unity. Ancient Africans developed a humane system of thought and conduct which has been recorded in volumes of African wisdom literature, such as, these declarations from the Book of Coming Forth By Day (the so-called Book of the Dead), The Teachings of Ptah-Hotep, the writings of Ani, Amenemope, Merikare, and others.

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One aspect of ancient Egyptian funerary literature which often is mistaken for a codified ethic of Ma’at is Chapter 125 of the Book of the Dead, often called the 42 Declarations of Purity or the Negative Confession. These declarations varied somewhat from tomb to tomb, and so can not be considered a canonical definition of Ma’at. Rather, they appear to express each tomb owner’s individual conception of Ma’at, as well as working as a magical absolution (misdeeds or mistakes made by the tomb owner in life could be declared as not having been done, and through the power of the written word, wipe that particular misdeed from the afterlife record of the deceased).

Many of the lines are similar, however, and they can help to give the student a “flavor” for the sorts of things which Ma’at governed–essentially everything from the most formal to the most mundane aspect of life.

Many versions are given on-line, unfortunately seldom do they note the tomb from which they came or, whether they are a collection from various different tombs. – wiki

Here is one collection to give you the general idea:

File:Moses bas-relief in the U.S. House of Representatives chamber.jpg
Moses marble bas-relief, one of 23 reliefs of great historical lawgivers in the chamber of the U.S. House of Representatives in the United States Capitol. Sculpted by Jean de Marco in 1950. Diameter 28 inches. He’s very pale and has a beard.

I have not done iniquity.
I have not robbed with violence.
I have not stolen.
I have not made any to suffer pain.
I have not defrauded offerings.
I have done no murder nor bid anyone to slay on my behalf.
I have not trimmed the measure.
I have not spoken lies I have not robbed God.
I have not caused the shedding of tears.
I have not dealt deceitfully.
I have not acted guilefully.
I have not laid waste to the land.
I have not set my lips against anyone.
I have not been angry or wrathful without a just cause.
I have not lusted nor defiled the wife of any man.
I have not polluted myself.
I have not caused terror.
I have not done that which is abominable.
I have not multiplied words exceedingly.
I have never uttered fiery words.
I have not judged hastily.
I have not transgressed nor have I vexed or angered God.
I have not stopped my ears against the words of Right and Truth .
I have not burned with rage.
I have not worked grief.
I have not acted with insolence.
I have not avenged myself.
I have not stirred up strife.
I have not been an eavesdropper.
I have not wronged the people
I have done no harm nor have I done evil
I have not worked treason.
I have never fouled the water.
I have not spoken scornfully.
I have never cursed God.
I have not behaved with arrogance.
I have not envied or craved for that which belongs to another.
I have not filched food from the mouth of the infant.
I have done no hurt unto man, nor wrought harm unto beasts.
I have never magnified my condition beyond what was fitting.

Here is a different translation showing how they correlate with the 10 commandments. Moses, if he existed, (there is no undisputed historical/archaeological evidence that he did), was an Egyptian. According to stories, he was adopted by an Egyptian royal family. If that were true he would have been familiar with these principles. If there was no historical Moses, then others most likely borrowed a few of the Principles of Maat when composing the Ten Commandments.

THE 42 COMMANDMENTS OF ANCIENT EGYPT
I.€  Thou shalt not kill, nor bid anyone kill.
II.€  Thou shalt not commit adultery or rape.
III. Thou shalt not avenge thyself nor burn with rage.
IV. Thou shalt not cause terror.
V. Thou shalt not assault anyone nor cause anyone pain.
VI. Thou shalt not cause misery.
VII. Thou shalt not do any harm to man or to animals.
VIII. Thou shalt not cause the shedding of tears.
IX. Thou shalt not wrong the people nor bear them any evil intent.
X. Thou shalt not steal nor take that which does not belong to you.
XI. Thou shalt not take more than thy fair share of food.
XII. Thou shalt not damage the crops, the fields, or the trees.
XIII. Thou shalt not deprive anyone of what is rightfully theirs.
XIV. Thou shalt not bear false witness, nor support false allegations.
XV. Thou shalt not lie, nor speak falsely to the hurt of another.
XVI. Thou shalt not use fiery words nor stir up any strife.
XVII. Thou shalt not speak or act deceitfully to the hurt of another.
XVIII. Thou shalt not speak scornfully against others.
XIX. Thou shalt not eavesdrop.
XX. Thou shalt not ignore the truth or words of righteousness.
XXI. Thou shalt not judge anyone hastily or harshly.
XXII. Thou shalt not disrespect sacred places.
XXIII. Thou shalt cause no wrong to be done to any workers or prisoners.
XXIV. Thou shalt not be angry without good reason.
XXV. Thou shalt not hinder the flow of running water.
XXVI. Thou shalt not waste the running water.
XXVII. Thou shalt not pollute the water or the land.
XXVIII. Thou shalt not take God’s name in vain.
XXIX. Thou shalt not despise nor anger God.
XXX. Thou shalt not steal from God.
XXXI. Thou shalt not give excessive offerings nor less than what is due.
XXXII. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s goods.
XXXIII. Thou shalt not steal from nor disrespect the dead.
XXXIV. Thou shalt remember and observe the appointed holy days.
XXXV. Thou shalt not hold back the offerings due God.
XXXVI. Thou shalt not interfere with sacred rites.
XXXVII. Thou shalt not slaughter with evil intent any sacred animals.
XXXVIII. Thou shalt not act with guile or insolence.
XXXIX. Thou shalt not be unduly proud nor act with arrogance.
XL. Thou shalt not magnify your condition beyond what is appropriate.
XLI. Thou shalt do no less than your daily obligations require.
XLII. Thou shalt obey the law and commit no treason.

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moseswork
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Reblogged this on moseswork and commented:
righteousness here and now, and into the afterlife.

kodakrome
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Reblogged this on kodakrome.

Joseph Collins
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I am challenged by the new information or light that is now coming my way,i never thought there was any reason to investigate or challenge what is written in the Bible, so now i must research
it’s authenticity and history, not trying to reinvent the wheel but must deal with the challenge i’m faced with.

Michelle
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Michelle

Sorry if my statement is a repeat of someone else’s, but I didn’t have time to read through the older posts… I am an out of the box thinker and I had a thought… For those who believe that events in scripture actually happened, this may bring some clarity, then again, maybe not. The Commandments, whether 10, 42, or 613, are universal. They do not belong solely to one particular group or nationality. It is a guideline for how we should respect all life created by the Most High, be it, a person, animal, water/land, and especially the Most High… Read more »

John Sno
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John Sno

The ten commandments were part of 462 laws. Surely there would be some similarity between de ten commandments and any other book about morality or law at that time.

EarthIAm
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EarthIAm

85% are dumb,deaf and blind to this, 10% know the truth and have succeeded in confusing the 85%, your comment is evident of that. 5% know the truth and seek to spread it to those that are OPEN minded enough to receive it. How can you even ATTEMPT to know GOD without knowledge of self? Think about that and think about how Babylon has you and many others believing in some pale faced, blue eyed, blonde hair savior when even your HOLY BIBLE tells you that he had skin of BRONZE and hair of wool and yet that isnt important… Read more »

zonique chase
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my name is zonique chase on face book i too was a believer in christ until now and i want to find god and want to know more about the creator,the almight mother and son

Stanley
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Stanley

Just one clarification. The Bible does not claim that the Ten Commandments were the first time such rules were written down. However it may have been the first time the Jews knew of such principles. The fact that these rules of Maat were written down 2,000 year before the 10 Commandments just confirms that God has put these principles in human nature when he created them in the first place.

Seneca
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Seneca

I study the ways of the ancient and keep the commandments which to knowledge always existed with the Most High. This is the key to serving in spirit and truth. The reason for mans separation and disagreement comes from not keeping a set of rules, the commandments; the reason for evil and for all sin. The Creator made it simple we must individually have a relationship with the Creator through Its law it is not a man it is a spirit. We can only understand it through spirit not cardinal thoughts. Think about when you were an innocent child. That… Read more »

Bill Coleman
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Bill Coleman

Billions of souls from many cultures and time adding their own discovery of the other side of existence creating a religious concept from the flow of chemicals deep within their brains.The sum total of this endlessnessism (ein sof),is the hope that things will be better in a mystical world.

skipper8
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Reblogged this on skipper8 and commented:
Interesting food for thought…I’m thinking sticking with the 10 commandments might be enough LOK ?

Blackman2boku
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Blackman2boku

Here is the key factor Noah was given the law also…

Ralf
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Ralf

with cellular phone all round us working I mean the have a soul …we do too if they were created by human I am sure we are too our bodies have no power once the soul is gone same as cellular ……what I mean there is a creator …..if they was no creator we will never dye

Sylvia
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Sylvia

Read scripture, study the original language……the commandments of Yahweh were there long before Moshe (Moses). He tell is that Abraham followed Yahweh’s commandments, statutes and ordinances. They were written down at Mt. Sinai, as their Ketubah with the Israelites. These were passed down generation to generation through Adam. Thus, were well before they appeared in Egypt.

Dan Gordon
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Dan Gordon

What ignorant fools one must be to think his religion is right,, Your religion usually depends on where you’re born and when, If history tells us anything times will change and for those above that think that the beginning of religion was with the romans and the fake Jesus Christ, Do some research on the Nubians and Sumerians culture and their religion, You can clearly see Christianity was plagiarized from previous cultures.

Ismael Mansoor
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In my version There is no another the Lord your God in one another but you. You shall make your time for the Lord your God in your soul. You shall use the name of the Lord your God in only love. You shall remember to keep your day rest and holy. You shall respect your father and mother as you have before respect your fake friends. You shall love all specie of the earth and in the earth; do not be an ignorant. You shall not fool the power of lust. You shall share that is yours to give..… Read more »

Sivuyile
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Sivuyile

the original hebrew and Jewish people were african black people true people of God the chosen people the Egyptians were black moses was black and Jesus Christ was black man!

banjokotunde
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okay all is cool am tunde am not a God and you are not a God so what are you saying ……..

namza88
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Reblogged this on Nametso Moremi.

Trigun fanatic
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Trigun fanatic

I love the line “thou shall not block running water.” Dams were illegal lol?

Richard Kishore
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Richard Kishore

Love this con. This is the time where science,archeology and religion clashes to discern the truth. We must foster it. ( I believe that religion – Christianity- is the finest conquering tool the Europeans used to subjugate natives,for to this day ,because of it- Bible-peoples,if not nations, are still subjected. An interesting read is a work by Voltaire-The bible la explique .is it not unusual that archeologist could find ancient Egypt civilization- some 6000yrs old ,and very little of biblical times ? ). So for the benefit of the human race this coversation must continue to infinity; likewise it should… Read more »

Cruz
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Cruz

That’s reply to tiger an ad if zion

Cruz
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Cruz

These evil people rob Africa of everything to benefit there lands while poisoning ours so it’s scored,they say we are wild an are cave man like (Tarzan) they keep you from going to the truth so ence aids, Ebola etc all for what wealth an power true mind control,ence the pope,switching the ideology to denifit his country which brings rise to slavery to the society that they see they can benefit from. Africa is d land of civilization it’s clear where the garden of Eden was,where four rivers meet one from Ethiopia an so,mental slavery is the new deal but… Read more »

Cruz
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Cruz

There is no evidence of Moses it’s clear they stole d idea from the native African the kemet people

thekidwae
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thekidwae

Lol..the sad thing is the Ma’at comes from Egypt but there were other cultures in Africa. The ancient kingdom of Cush existed before so called Egypt. How do all of us descend from Egypt is beyond me. It is evident that as mankind grew..we were spread out & made different traditions & beliefs. ..not every person over were descendants of kings & queens. That’s pure ignorance. The Kemetians has similarities to the Sumerians whom were the first civilizations. People never focus on that but they constantly trying disprove the Bible.

Cherise
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Cherise

No one understands the Source of all life, so the best and only thing that we can do is to go within and become one with ourselves. That is the place where we meet our higher power, that is the only place that we meet ourselves as god. When we serve man, we are serving ourselves. There is nothing outside of self, so to be one with life and to love all of life unconditionally is true freedom and everlasting peace

Ray
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To those who don’t understand why these things become a black or white thing. The answer… well black people go to this place of anger because, why is this not in the history books or places where people of the world can see we not just people creating gangs OR DUNKING BALLS. Its funny to me that when it comes to any other race they get their credit but us we have to fly around the internet or hear from elders to find truth whyyyyyyyyyyyy…. Give us our credit for the history thats been taking then maybe just maybe the… Read more »

maeleonline
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maeleonline

Reblogged this on Not yet uhuru….

ipad repair cheras
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Luca Lotto
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Luca Lotto

yes, this fellow is really cool, indeed.

santana
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santana

i feel empowered. i appreciate this knowledge regardless of how it has been distorted over the centuries. i look for truth due to how i am at odds with the world systems of politics and economies. black or white, we dont know how we got here or why but we are here and i think its pertinent that we strive for a better life for all. if one person lives in peril….eventually we all will. this is why we strive for knowledge of the creator to govern justly among us. obviously, we lack the fortitude.

Prince Kafesu
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Prince Kafesu

The pple of Egypt and probably those of the surrounding regions use these principles to gorven their daily lives. Amazing hey!!!

sam
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sam

people want people get simple so by telling me what is right and wrong will change things now no, you though by teaching over the years to stand up fight if some one hityou hit back .who started the gangs you did they are your kids this will run its course you watch your creation, you have done a fine job teaching your kids, be proud and loud

Booker Warren
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Booker Warren

Start your research with YAHWEH.

Tiger Lily
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Tiger Lily

The thing everyone seems to forget is that for the most part, all religions preach the same things because they steal from each other. There are political motivations involved everytime a new religion is started or an old religion is overthrown. People didn’t just say “Oh, God chose me to tell you about him and to tell you to have a good day. bye bye.” No. They created uprisings, had rebellions, and overthrew governments. They mixed beliefs to appease the overthrown and then created new ideas because it was in their best interest. It has nothing to do with race.… Read more »

Ann
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Ann

XXX. Thou shalt not steal from God Does that mean it is possible to steal from God, that is, to take something from God without his awareness and possibly even get away with it? Wow! (Even if it’s not omniscient God of the Judeo-Christian tradition, it’s still quite a feat.) And, how we limit what we can possibly do. Things like healing the sick, raising the dead, levitation, walking on water … – mere child’s play in comparison. But, of course, it might refer to pride, thinking we are God-like. But, that’s no big deal. Most of us do that… Read more »

tribalqueenofisrael
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tribalqueenofisrael

These laws are for the Most High’s chosen people, Black people. Walk in your holy spirit and walk with HIM. GET RIGHT, BECAUSE HE IS HERE..He is walking amongst his chosen, the 12 Tribes of Israel

Nkosinathi Mbolekwa ( Nyathi )
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Nkosinathi Mbolekwa ( Nyathi )

Was looking for the 42 declarations of kush as these have also been called but didn’t know that they are also known as the Principles of Ma’at. Exemplary research and very informative even about the Book of Coming Forth By Day (the so-called Book of the Dead)

Thank you and Shalom

Kohen Nkosinathi Nyathi

Publius Freedman
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Publius Freedman

Powerful. Sadly, most native/African people have been caught up on pseudo-religions of their European and Saudi Arabian oppressors, and today, are lost as to their original religions and spirituality. May we free ourselves from mental and spiritual bondage that keeps us enslaved to whatever the system wants us to do, think, say.

MENAYAME NDOMA
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MENAYAME NDOMA

It’s known 2day dat it’s not whites who taught Blacks(Afrikans) about God,his commandments,rules or principles.Afrika’s the cradle of humanity where everythg began,nd evrybdy came frm.They stole,copied,distorted,modified,then claimed it theirs…

Sarah Davis
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Sarah Davis

Hotep,
Ma’ta’s 42 principles are said with a more positive point of refrence… I have not v/s I shall not (10 commendments)

Judi
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Judi

Framed and hanging in my kitchen. A very dear friend stated to me that it is impossible to achieve but I told him that a man’s heart was weighed against the Maat feather during judgement. So one doesn’t have to be perfect but should have a pure heart and good intentions towards others.

GoddessmotherofOrisha SupaQueen
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GoddessmotherofOrisha SupaQueen

On My living room wall

Wardah Haqq
Guest

ENJOYED FOR YEARS. hAVE A POSTER ON MY WAL FOR JUST AS MANY YEARS.

Good principles to live by for the whole world
These words are not a myth.

kweku
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kweku

The balancing of the land lies in Ma’at. Do Ma’at and live!

stevi lee
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stevi lee

all thanks to god, life itself, encounterments, and my parents who have lead me to truth!

dianenkam
Guest

i just want thank to the king .the ma’at are the main principles in our life.

Jonathan Emmanuel Campbell
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Jonathan Emmanuel Campbell

Love Queen/King,
I pray good health to You and Yours, Children, Adults and Elders. Generations of Love to Almighty Mother ,Father and our Generation of Love, Who Bless Us all with Love.

Yours Truly,
Jonathan.

revolutionaryempress
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revolutionaryempress

Hotep, King. Thank you for this Knowledge. May the ancients continue to guide and bless you…

HTP
Queen Tiye

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