A ‘constant cloud’ of potent inflammatory molecules surrounding the cells responsible for diseases such as thickening of the arteries and rheumatoid arthritis, has been discovered.
The findings by the scientists at the University of East Anglia (UEA) could eventually lead to new treatments for chronic inflammatory diseases.
Cardiovascular disease arising from atherosclerosis (thickening of the arteries) kills around 17 million people worldwide each year, including 120,000 people in England and Wales, while rheumatoid arthritis affects around 400,000 people in the UK.
The team studied a type of white blood cell called monocytes.
Monocytes play an important role in the human immune system and help protect our bodies against infection. But they can also invade tissue, triggering the early stages of common inflammatory diseases.
The researchers detected for the first time that monocytes were surrounded by a constant cloud.
This cloud was found to be made up of potent inflammatory molecules called adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. Further study showed that the ATP molecules were being propelled through the cell wall by the actions of lysosomes.
Lysosomes are sub-cellular compartments within blood cells, which had previously been thought to only break down cell waste.
“These unexpected findings shed light on the very early stages in the development of inflammatory diseases such as atherosclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis,” lead author Dr Samuel Fountain of UEA’s School of Biological Sciences, said.
“We found that lysosomes are actually highly dynamic and play a key role in the way inflammatory cells function. This is an exciting development that we hope will lead to the discovery of new targets for inflammatory drugs in around five years and potential new treatments beyond that,” Dr Fountain said.
He said that further study was now needed to investigate how to control the release of ATP by lysosomes in monocytes and other white blood cells, and to understand how inflammation may be affected in patients with inherited diseases involving lysosomes.
The study was published recently online by The Journal of Cell Science.
Interesting. ATP is an inflammatory molecule? I knew it as the energy currency of all of our cells. I guess it leaks out in some situations.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that provides energy to drive many processes in living cells, e.g. muscle contraction, nerve impulse propagation, and chemical synthesis. Found in all forms of life, ATP is often referred to as the “molecular unit of currency” of intracellular energy transfer. When consumed in metabolic processes, it converts either to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) or to adenosine monophosphate (AMP). Other processes regenerate ATP so that the human body recycles its own body weight equivalent in ATP each day.
I’m still trying, for many years, to understand causes of inflammation and what to do about it. Suggestions I’ve read (see Mercola.com and NaturalNews.com) include: get enough sun, cut out the carbs, stop eating trans fats, eat more saturated fats, drink fluoride free mineral rich water, eat more fermented foods such as sauerkraut, and sleep on an electrically grounded sheet.