This article was updated 3/31/2020 to reflect the latest information available. We strive to give links to all sources.
COVID-19, short for “Coronavirus Disease, 2019,” (Forbes) is the name of the disease. It is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, previously called nCoV2019 short for 2019 novel coronavirus. (Wiki) The disease is thought to have originated in bats and is mutating which means it will have differences in how deadly it is and how fast it spreads. (PocetICU)
At this time, given the number of officially confirmed cases and reported deaths, the worldwide mortality rate is 4.72% ( deaths/cases * 100 = %) It has taken tens of thousands of lives in a few months (Timeline).
What is a Virus?
A virus is a fairly simple thing, a protein coating (capsid) around the genome, which is DNA or RNA, depending on the virus type. (Wiki) A virus is not a living organism, but when deactivated, it is said to have been “killed.” A general lack of science literacy is causing a lot of misinformation to be spread. The above seems to have been shortened to “a virus is a protein molecule (DNA),” for example, which is false. DNA is not a protein. A virus is not a protein. There is no DNA in the COVID-19 virus.
SARS-CoV-19 is a single strand of RNA which means the viral genome of 29,903 bases can be immediately turned into viral protein by a human cell’s protein-making machine, the ribosomes according to virologist Kurt Williamson. (Statesman) Unlike rhinoviruses which cause the common cold, Coronavirus like the COVID-19 virus are enveloped, meaning they have a casing made of fat building blocks called lipids. The lipid envelope is easily damaged by most disinfectants, thereby neutralizing its capacity to infect. (Psqh) The virus also has “feet” or projections made of proteins. These connect to molecules in the lungs called ACE2 then inject the RNA payload, causing the cell to reproduce the virus with its molecular “machinery.” (Nature)
The virus is a structure. The protein feet, the lipid envelope, the inner protein container and the RNA that all make up this virus can be destroyed in several ways.
The best way to avoid becoming a COVID-19 statistic is to do everything you can, starting with the big things: Avoid contact. Keep away from other people during the pandemic, sanitize surfaces with a disinfectant that works (see below), wash your hands correctly and frequently with soap, don’t touch your face, and wear gloves and a mask when appropriate. If you do get the virus, there are many things that may help your body fight it.
Avoid Getting Covid-19 Virus
Mass Testing to Contain It
In the big picture, mass testing and isolation of the sick is the best way we humans have right now to stop this pandemic. Experience in Vo, a small city in Northern Italy, has shown that the way to stop this virus is to test everyone, with symptoms or not, and to isolate those who test positive. (Guardian) The death rate in Germany is much lower than in other countries, (WashPost) though it is climbing. Reasons suggested include the German penchant for strict rule following and also their government’s programs of all inclusive mass testing. Mass testing of people of all ages, sick or not, allows the country to keep the sick people away from everyone else. This mass testing strategy was also effective in South Korea. (DailyBeast) There currently are not enough tests, however. If available, the WHO recommends two negative tests at least 24 hours apart to be recognized as recovered from the virus. (WHO) We suggest organizing into isolation zones, creating “virus free,” “unknown,” and “quarantine” zones with available tests. If we can not make enough tests (Vo tested everyone twice) we will need to fight in other ways.
The best way to avoid getting the Covid-19 virus is to avoid all contact with it … but how, if those spreading it sometimes have no symptoms? (NEJM, SciAlert) Yes, this virus is different. People who seem fine, people without symptoms can spread SARS-CoV-2. This virus is spread about 10% of the time by those with no symptoms. (KXAN). Not accepting this observation has probably been our biggest mistake so far.
Thus, until mass testing is available, assume everyone has it. (NatReview) Avoid being close to other people as much as possible. Lay in supplies while wearing a mask and sterilizing surfaces of supplies as you obtain them. Ideally, be prepared for a variety of disasters. Have food and water and a way to cook and keep food cool without electricity for months. Just having a week of stored food and water you can prepare at home is a good first step for many.
An ICU doctor on the front lines in New York City (Vimeo) has said that experience is showing them that without close sustained contact with a sick person or with someone who is about to be sick in the next few days, the virus is not transmitted by air. We hope this is true, however, the virus remains active for up to 3 days suspended in the air (CNBC), and, as we noted, people can spread it when they are not showing symptoms. Also the incubation period (the period from getting it to having symptoms) seems to be 2 to 14 days–5.1 days is the average (NewAtlas), so play it safe with social distancing.
We do not know how long people may be silently infected. Some have suggested the incubation period, the time between exposure and having obvious symptoms, could be up to a month or more. One case seemed to be 27 days. (NewsMed) Once the virus makes itself known, an obviously sick person will make another person obviously sick most commonly in about 4.6 days. (MedRxIV) The “serial interval” of a virus is the time it takes for symptoms to appear in two people with the virus, the one who infects and the infected second person. What we do not know, that we most need to know, is the total period of communicability, the earliest to latest time an infected person can infect others. (Canada)
Face masks are Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), and they are appropriate for use since SARS-CoV-2 material is more widely disseminated in the environment than first imagined. High levels of the virus contamination was found, with PCR, on commonly used surfaces and in the air of rooms and nearby hallways of COVID-19 patients. (News18)
Do Masks Stop It?
Some mostly do. While small particles can “simply pass through” even N95 masks (NewSci), masks do help if used correctly. A commercially produced “respirator” mask can be rated as N95, N99 or N100. All of these are more effective at stopping viruses than a simple surgical mask.
“The only mask that the CDC considers safe from you getting the coronavirus, the only way to actually prevent you from inhaling it, is the N95 mask,” Captain Michael Doyle, a U.S. Army New York National Guard physician assistant, told USA TODAY.
Perhaps due to low supplies and/or concern that they would not be used correctly by the general public, the CDC stated that they should not be used.
N95 Respirators Not for Use by the Public
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) does not recommend that the general public wear N95 respirators to protect themselves from respiratory diseases, including coronavirus (COVID-19). (FDA)
The CDC also stated that medical professionals should wear regular surgical masks, which caused confusion and consternation. (AJNOff) Could this be because two different randomized studies showed that surgical masks did just as well as N95 masks in terms of actually stopping transmission of influenza? (JAMANet2009, JAMANet2019 ) The CDC now has a guide for medical professionals on extended use of N95 masks, including when to throw then away so they are trying to manage a disaster situation. (CDC)
Masks reduce the amount of virus that gets in. Wear one if you are around other people even in places where other people have been in the last 3 hours. A mask will slow the spread of the virus by blocking droplets from sneezes. A mask will also stop you from touching your nose and mouth, which is important as this is a main way the virus spreads. This virus only binds to cells in your lungs. To do this, it must get there through the nose, mouth, or sometimes eyes.
The N95 type masks block particles above 0.3 microns (300 nanometres). Viruses are the smallest airborne microbes, ranging in size from .01 to 0.3 microns (10 to 300 nanometers). Influenza virus is normally 80 to 120 nanometres or 0.08 micron. The COVID-19 (around 125 nano meters) is a bit larger than the flu virus, but still less than 1/2 the size of the openings in an N95 mask. Does that mean the virus will go through?
A reader has clarified that an N95 mask will indeed block the virus. The statement required by regulation says that an N95 mask is not rated to not block particles 300 nm or smaller, but it will. On the CDC’s site we found the following to support that:
It is true that the NIOSH respirator approval criteria involves testing filter performance with 0.3 micrometer particles, however respirator filters do not work like sieves. Particles smaller than 0.3 micrometers are efficiently captured by diffusion and the electrostatic properties of respirator filters. To test performance with nanosize particles, NIOSH did experiments demonstrating that particles down to 4 nanometers are captured with an efficiency greater than the rated efficiency of N95 and P100 filters. Figure 1 in this blog shows the efficiency between 4 and 400 nanometers (from: Shaffer and Rengasamy,2009). (CDC 20011)
In other words, N95 masks can most likely block the virus. Surprisingly, two randomized studies with the smaller sized flu virus, showed that surgical masks perform as well as N95 masks to prevent transmission, although they do not block as well as N95 masks.
Activated Masks with Salt
One interesting cheap DYI idea is to use salt water to create an activated mask. You basically fill a small bowl with water and keep adding salt and stirring until no more will dissolve, then soak your mask in the salt solution for 5 minutes, then let it dry. 🦠☠️
Before you dismiss this, see the article in Nature for why this may work.
While there are already some electrostatic on the fibers of the masks, the forces exerted by the dried salt appear to increase damage to the virus, breaking it up and deactivating it at a molecular level.
For surfaces and in the air, research shows there are limits to how long the virus remains able to infect someone. The type of surface helps determine how quickly the virus is deactivated. It is active for days on plastic and stainless steel and up to a full day on a cardboard surface. The longest we have seen claimed is that the virus can persist for up to 9 days.
“the virus is viable for up to 72 hours on plastics, 48 hours on stainless steel, 24 hours on cardboard, and 4 hours on copper. It is also detectable in the air for three hours.” (JHU)
“Overall, stability is very similar between HCoV-19 and SARS-CoV-1. We found that viable virus could be detected in aerosols up to 3 hours post aerosolization, up to 4 hours on copper, up to 24 hours on cardboard and up to 2-3 days on plastic and stainless steel. HCoV-19 and SARS-CoV-1 exhibited similar half-lives in aerosols, with median estimates around 2.7 hours. Both viruses show relatively long viability on stainless steel and polypropylene compared to copper or cardboard: the median half-life estimate for HCoV-19 is around 13 hours on steel and around 16 hours on polypropylene. Our results indicate that aerosol and fomite transmission of HCoV-19 is plausible, as the virus can remain viable in aerosols for multiple hours and on surfaces up to days. (MedRXIV)
“HCoV can persist on inanimate surfaces like metal, glass or plastic for up to 9 days” (FPMag)
Soap and Water
Regular soap and water clean germs away rather than killing them, but that’s still important in reducing infections. Definitely wash your hands with soap and water to limit the spread of the novel coronavirus,” since it seems to spread primarily from person to person via respiratory droplets, which are often found on our hands and easily transferred to our faces.”
Karen Fleming, PhD, a professor in biophysics at Johns Hopkins University, explained on Twitter why: “Coronavirus is an ‘enveloped’ virus, which means that it has an outer lipid membrane layer,” an outer layer of fat. “Washing your hands with soap and water has the ability to ‘dissolve’ this greasy fatty layer and kill the virus,” she said.
This claim puzzled us at first. How can lipids dissolve lipids? Soap itself is a form of lipid, a mixture of salts of fatty acids. In water, these surfactants tend to aggregate form little hollow spheres called micelles that trap particles and can transport them.
Another expert said it another way, and it seemed to be a different reason. Palli Thordarson, a chemistry professor at the University of New South Wales put it this way:
“Soap contains fat-like substances knowns as amphiphiles, some structurally very similar to the lipids in the virus membrane. The soap molecules “compete” with the lipids in the virus membrane.” (Newsweek)
This makes more sense to us, but perhaps they are really saying the same thing if the virus membrane is broken up (dissolved) by the forces (competition) from the lipids in soap. Lipids group together when water is around, so we believe that to remove the virus, soap lipids probably both physically incorporate the virus into the spheres, and also push it off of your hands with forces at an atomic level. The forces in soap do break open bacteria, according to one molecular biologist True Strange News spoke to years ago.
Immune System Health
It is very important to keep your immune system as healthy as possible over the next several months to years as this Covid-19 virus spreads. We say years because the Spanish Flu lasted a few years, but we may beat this much faster with modern tools. Remember to get enough sleep, de-stress and try to take a 30 to 45 minute walk daily, or walk in place if you can’t get outside. Gardening and cleaning around the house are both great forms light exercise that help your body move lymph fluid around to clean junk out your system. This is a huge secret about your body that no one talks about: the lymphatic system is your body’s cellular garbage collector. If you don’t move around enough throughout the day, the garbage builds up, eventually causing local or even systemic inflammation. Long term inflammation can lead to cancer via DNA damage, so house cleaning, gardening, walking 30 to 45 minutes a day are each potent anti-cancer medicines. Look honestly at your day. How much are you sitting? Get continual light movement all day, plus a good long walk. Don’t sit more than 30 minutes at a time without 5 minutes of movement. This is just a rough guideline, but it will help many to be healthy enough to fight the virus.
What temperature kills the SARS-CoV-19 virus? There are different numbers from different sources. The world uses two major temperature systems, Celsius and Fahrenheit, so we list both as C and F below.
– Viruses can withstand freezing without damage, however, heating to between 165 – 212 F or 74 – 100 C, will deactivate viruses according to Reference.com.
– Sustained heat at 132.8 F (56 C) for 30 minutes (Salon)
– Incubation at 140 F (60°C) for 30 min resulted in no infectious virus remaining, regardless of the presence of the protein additive.
– In a study, “viral inactivation by heat treatment” found at 140 F (60 C) it took 15 to 30 minutes “to inactivate the SARS-CoV” (NIH)
Water boils at 212 F (100 C), so heating food to boiling will deactivate all viruses. Heating food to at least 165 F (74 C) before serving will kill bacteria, as well. Note: This does not remove toxins, so do NOT boil spoiled food and eat it.
Climate Temperature: The WHO says that evidence so far shows the COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in ALL AREAS, including areas with hot and humid weather. There is no weather, hot, cold, dry or humid that has stopped this virus.
Hot Tap Water: Home hot water systems are generally designed and water heaters are generally sized to store hot water at 140 F, so the hottest water from your tap is probably not hot enough to deactivate the virus. Check your dishwasher’s manual if you have one. For some, the rinse water temperature is at least 180 F, which will work to deactivate all viruses.
Air Dryers: Hot-air hand dryers (they may blow germs into the air ) and hair dryers (See Hair Dryer Cure for Covid-19?) do not get hot enough to kill the virus, but heat might help your body’s immune system or disinfecting substances to work.
Heat may help weaken the virus so other things can work. The virus is disabled easier at higher temperatures and in dry conditions.
Detection with Temperature: A thermometer or thermal scanner cannot detect infections in people who are infected but who are not yet sick with fever, according to the WHO. It takes 2 to 10 days (some say even longer) before infected people become sick and develop a fever. Tests with a nose swab using a lab test or kit are needed to detect the virus reliably.
Ultraviolet Light (Surfaces)
The AP fact check it is misleading about UV light killing viruses. The WHO said don’t use UV because it can damage skin, but UV light does disable viruses. Science from Columbia University Medical Center in New York City, published in Nature, a peer reviewed science journal, says UV-C light killed 95% of exposed influenza A (H1N1) virus at only 2 mJ/cm2 and did not appear to damage human skin or the eye.
We show for the first time that far-UVC efficiently inactivates airborne aerosolized viruses, with a very low dose of 2 mJ/cm2 of 222-nm light inactivating >95% of aerosolized H1N1 influenza virus … far-UVC light can traverse and therefore inactivate bacteria and viruses which are typically micrometer dimensions or smaller, whereas due to its strong absorbance in biological materials, far-UVC light cannot penetrate even the outer dead-cell layers of human skin, nor the outer tear layer on the surface of the eye. (Nature)
As quoted by Dr. Pokrath Hansasuta in the AP fact check, “Ultraviolet is able to kill COVID-19 if it is exposed to the concentrated UV ray in a certain amount of time and distance.” Thus, UV light does kill the Covid-19 virus and the headline is misleading which says: “Misleading report claims UV light, chlorine and high temperatures can kill COVID-19”. The “claim” that UV light works is true. It’s just a matter of the wavelengths, intensity and duration of the UV light used.
If we don’t have a safe pure 222-nm UVC light source, we could set up a system so we are not in the room when we switch it on to sterilize the room. It is also important to ventilate the room after UV treatment. They sell these UV room sterilizers on Amazon.
However... UV can cause cancer and permanent eye damage!! WARNING. It is potentially very dangerous, so we do understand the guideline. Don’t let kids use it or play with it and don’t ever have it on when you are in the room without appropriate eye and skin protection.
Eye- UV radiation exposure can damage the cornea, the outer protection coating of the eye. Photokeratitis is a painful inflammation of the eye caused by UV radiation-induced lesions on the cornea. Symptoms include a “sand like” feeling in the eye last can last several days. Chronic exposures to short term UV radiation can lead to the formation of cataracts. (Tufts)
The virus expert you quote also says “… the natural UV from the sun is not strong enough to kill it.”
The WHO discourages UV use “because of the potential for skin irritation” but you should not use some UV lights on skin because they cause cancer. For safety and effectiveness to kill viruses on surfaces, the right wavelengths of UV light matter.
All light with wavelengths shorter than 400 nm is called ultraviolet (UV), and this is broken down into different ranges for various reasons. UVC is germicidal and Ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) as a means of disinfection “has been an accepted practice since the mid-20th century.“
300 to 400 nm is near-UV light
315–400 nm is UVA
200 to 300 nm is called deep-UV
280–315 nm is UVB
<200 nm are called “vacuum-UV” (completely absorbed by air)
100–280 nm is UVC (aka Hard UV) kills germs including disabling viruses
Don’t breathe the ozone that gets created by some of these germicidal UV lights. Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UV-C) light itself does not produce ozone according to this.
62 to 71% ethanol – According to a paper in the Journal of Hospital Infection available on ScienceDirect, human coronaviruses can be efficiently inactivated in under one minute with surface disinfection with 62 to 71% ethanol . The CDC says that a 70% solution of alcohol is expected to “work against COVID-19 based on data for harder to kill viruses.” What if your stores have only 91% isopropyl rubbing alcohol? Ethanol and isopropyl alcohol are similar. One site reports that 91% evaporates too quickly to be effective. Dilute to 70% with for best results. For example: starting with 769 ml 91% & add water till 1 liter gives also a 70% solution.
Hydrogen Peroxide (Surfaces)
0.5% hydrogen peroxide – The paper in the Journal of Hospital Infection available on ScienceDirect, also says that human coronaviruses can be efficiently inactivated in under one minute with surface disinfection with 0.5% hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide is active against a wide range of microbes including bacteria, yeasts, fungi, and viruses. As an oxidizing agent, it pulls electrons from other molecules, breaking them down. If buy 3% hydrogen peroxide in a drugstore, you can dilute it up to 1 part hydrogen peroxide to 5 parts water and it will still work. A one to one mix of water to hydrogen peroxide will be 1.5% which will work with some headroom in case the solution is older and has become less active.
0.1% sodium hypochlorite – The paper in the Journal of Hospital Infection available on ScienceDirect, also says that human coronaviruses can be efficiently inactivated in under one minute with surface disinfection with 0.1% sodium hypochlorite. Household bleach is usually 5.25% as sold so you could have a working solution to disable to virus at 10 parts of water to 1 part of bleach, which is a 0.525% solution.
White Vinegar (Surfaces)
Does white vinegar kill viruses? Science says definitely, but it is not on the list of the EPA’s certified disinfectants. Vinegar (cleaning vinegar or white vinegar) is about 5% acetic acid, which kills bacteria and viruses by “chemically changing the proteins and fats that make up these nasties and destroying their cell structures.” according to ABC Online. Also, 10% malt vinegar could be useful in killing influenza viruses, a 2010 paper found. Vinegar is also biodegradable.
… 10% malt vinegar … [was] effective at rapidly reducing viable virus below the limit of detection, while a low concentration of vinegar (1%) was no more effective than hot water alone. (link)
Avoid using vinegar on natural stone, waxed wood, cast iron or aluminum and never combine vinegar with bleach or hydrogen peroxide, as it can create toxic vapors.
“[Vinegar] does have acid in it and it has the capacity to damage bacteria and viruses, but it’s not something I would recommend using to prevent the spread of coronavirus,” confirms infectious disease expert Amesh A. Adalja, M.D., senior scholar at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. (MSN)
Copper does kill the virus but don’t take it internally. We can get rid of it naturally to some degree, but long-term copper overexposure can damage the liver and kidneys. It has also been implicated in psychological disorders. To make things more complicated, both too much and too little copper has been found to cause symptoms like “mood swings, irritability, depression, fatigue, excitation, difficulty focusing, and feeling out of control.” In other words, if you spend years trying to get rid of “copper toxicity” you may be causing the very symptoms that make you think you have to get rid of copper. Get tested if you are concerned, and not a hair test. If you have too much copper, alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) may work as a milder chelator of tissue-bound copper. A chelator is something that grabs and removes something else.
Does copper kill the virus on contact? It seems to, yes. After a while.
The NIH study found that SARS-CoV-2 lasts for two to three days on steel and plastic. However, copper surfaces tended to kill the pathogen in about four hours.
Then again, sweat was found to disable brass doorknobs anti-bacterial properties, so it might also reduce the effectiveness of killing this virus. Even if you have germ-resistant copper fixtures, you still need to clean them and frequently wash your hands.
Approved Commercial Products (Surfaces)
The American Chemistry Council’s (ACC) Center f or Biocide Chemistries (CBC) has compiled a list of products pre-approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for use against emerging enveloped viral pathogens a nd can be used during the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak. The full list is here, updated 3/13/2020 or later.
According to WhatKillsIt.com, many think any product labled “kills human coronavirus” will kill the Covid-19 strain, but this is not necessarily true. As was seen with experience with SARS, to kill a life-threatening, emerging strain of Human Coronavirus like Covid-19, it is best to use EPA registered products, those that became registered to kill the deadly Human Coronaviruses: SARS in 2002 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) and MERS in 2012 (Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome). As we saw above, the chemical agent has to break down a lipid membrane and then a protein coat to kill the virus.
Commercial Wipes That Kill Human Coronavirus
|Oxivir TB||1 minute||NONE||1 minute|
|Lysol Disinfecting||2 minute||2 minute||NONE|
|10 Minutes||10 Minutes||NONE|
|Isotex 70||1 minute||NONE||NONE|
|DisCide Ultra||30 Seconds||NONE||NONE|
|Rescue Wipes||30 Seconds||NONE||NONE|
|Clorox Healthcare Bleach Germicidal
Wipes. EPA Reg.# 67619.12
|1 Minute||1 Minute|
Commercial Spray Disinfectants that Kill Human Coronavirus
|Lysol Citrus Scent
Kitchen Cleaner II
|2 Minutes||2 Minutes||NONE|
|Lysol Disinfectant Spray EPA Reg.
|30 Seconds||30 Seconds||NONE|
|Lysol DisinfectantMax Cover Mist
|30 Seconds||30 Seconds||NONE|
|Clorox ProQuaternary AllPurpose
|10 Minutes||10 Minutes||NONE|
|Clorox BroadSpectrumQuaternary||2 Minutes||2 Minutes||NONE|
Disinfecting Spray EPA Reg.
|30 Seconds||10 Minutes||NONE|
|Oxivir TB||1 Minute||NONE||1 Minute|
|Lysol PowerFoam BathroomCleaner||5 Minutes||5 Minutes||NONE|
|Clorox Healthcare Bleach
GERMICIDAL Cleaner Spray
EPA Reg..# 56392-7
|1 Minute||1 Minute||1 Minute|
|Clorox Clean-Up Cleaner+Bleach
EPA Reg.# 5813-21
|30 Seconds||30 Seconds|
You can see what kills the virus above. Cleaning using a detergent or soap and water while wearing gloves prior to disinfection is recommended. Ensure the product is not past its expiration date.
Some of these products are still available on Amazon and in selected Walmart, Target and other stores, but many stores are completely sold out as well and even on Amazon, many products are listed as unavailable. Get some if you can.
Vitamin C is said in different places to be helpful and also to be only a placebo. As it is effective on children under 5 years old, we wonder if it could really be a placebo. Doctors have experimented with Vitamin C for viral pneumonia, one giving 1000 mg. vitamin C intravenously every six to twelve hours, for example. In one paper (pdf), vitamin C reduced the duration of severe pneumonia in children under 5 years old. There is information being shared that Vitamin C can stop the virus, but factcheck.org says that there is no evidence of this being true. Don’t overdo it and consider taking Zinc and Vitamin D with it if you do take it.
Be aware that high level of zinc supplementation will lead to zinc toxicity, so don’t overdo it, but zinc does help Vitamin C work. Foods that have zinc naturally, in order starting from the highest amounts are oysters, beef, chicken, tofu, pork, nuts, seeds, lentils, yogurt, oatmeal, and shiitake mushrooms.
Increasing the intracellular Zn2+ concentration with zinc-ionophores like pyrithione (PT) can efficiently impair the replication of a variety of RNA viruses, including poliovirus and influenza virus. For some viruses this effect has been attributed to interference with viral polyprotein processing. In this study we demonstrate that the combination of Zn2+ and PT at low concentrations (2 µM Zn2+ and 2 µM PT) inhibits the replication of SARS-coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and equine arteritis virus (EAV) in cell culture. (NIH, 2010)
For some reason we once memorized the fact that Head and Shoulder’s active ingredient is pyrithione zinc. Hmm. Another clue about Zinc is that it may stop the immune system storm that has fatal results for people attacked by the virus. One drug that has been used with those infected is Chloroquine. Chloroquine is a Zinc Ionophore (ion carrier), that reversibly binds zinc and enhances zinc uptake.
The reason that Chloroquine works, I understand from an expert in viral pandemics, is that enables the body to absorb more zinc. Zinc appears to be the most effective agent in disrupting the virus and preventing the ‘cytokine storm’, which is the deadly phase in which the virus tricks the body’s immune system into attacking its own healthy tissue, with often fatal consequences. (Breitbart)
The National Institutes of Health says that 40 mg of zinc per day is the upper limit dose for adults and 4 mg per day for infants under age 6 months. Also, don’t use zinc in your nose as intranasal zinc has been linked with the loss of the sense of smell.
Vitamin D is an immunomodulatory micronutrient and when it is low, studies have seen an increased risk of acute viral respiratory infections. Vitamin D exhibits anti-inflammatory effects and alleviates some kinds of lung injuries in rats. According to VitaminWiki.com, because Vitamin D is suspected to reduce the ACE2 enzyme to which past coronaviruses have attached, and since that vitamin fought all past coronaviruses, it might help against Covid 2019 as well. As with other supplements, you can get too much artificial vitamin D. One Canadian man taking between 8,000 and 12,000 international units (IU) of vitamin D per day for 2.5 years ended up with permanent kidney damage, so again, don’t over do it and get your levels tested occasionally to see where you are. Vitamin K2 is needed to get the most out of Vitamin D, and perhaps he was deficient in that vitamin. K2 helps the body take extra calcium into the bones to avoid hypercalcemia that can be caused by too much vitamin D.
Also, take Vitamin D3, not D2.
But wait, VitaminWIki, it may be that Vitamin D increases ACE2. Wouldn’t having more binding sites for the virus make it worse? The virus is complicated and lungs may be damaged by the virus disabling ACE2, which has a protective effect on the lungs. Adding more ACE2 is one suggested strategy to fight the virus.
Silver works as a real broad spectrum anti-microbial on surfaces and depending on who you ask is either safe or unsafe to take internally. A professor at the Academy of Military Medical Sciences in China, Zhang Panhe, stated that a countertop started killing purposefully added SARS virus within 4 hours and had killed all of the SARS virus in a 24-hour exposure. Silver has been used for thousands of years and it kills bacteria as well as viruses in some tests.
“His gifts, which he sent on recovering from his sickness, were a great bowl of pure silver, … among all the offerings at Delphi the best worth looking at.” (Herodotus, Greek Historian)
“Silver ions perform their deadly work by punching holes in bacterial membranes and wreaking havoc once inside. They bind to essential cell components like DNA, preventing the bacteria from performing even their most basic functions.” (SciMag)
“According to a study published in the International Journal of Nanomedicine, “silver nanoparticles are capable of reducing viral infectivity, probably by blocking interaction of the virus within the cell.” (DrAxe)
Why do silver ions punch holes in only bacterial membranes and not in our own cell’s membranes? It may be that they do, but having our cells die off, especially the older ones, can keep us healthy. Then again, there is no indication that silver targets our aging (senescent) cells.
If you try the silver internally, do not take silver salts or proteins, only pure colloidal or ionic silver. One paper says it is the ionic silver that does the killing of bacteria. Don’t take a lot of it every day for years or you could turn blue.
Some research suggests elderberry can shorten influenza duration by two to four days and reduce the severity of the flu.
“Given that elderberry is a very rich source of anthocyanins, there is reason to suspect that its impact on viruses might be mediated, at least in part, by ferulic acid, a prominent metabolite that appears in plasma following anthocyanin ingestion.”
This type of fiber found in some types of yeast, algae, bacteria, and fungi, reduces severity of influenza infection severity and lowers influenza mortality in animal studies. Scientists think they may help immune systems better fight tumors and bacteria as well. “Early evidence shows that the supplement’s immune-boosting abilities may also be helpful to people with AIDS.”
Oatmeal isn’t the only food rich in beta-glucan. Other food sources include barley, shiitake and reishi mushrooms, seaweed and algae. For frame of reference, one cup of cooked oatmeal has 2 grams of beta-glucan and one cup of cooked pearled barley has 2.5 grams. (SFGate)
Upregulates mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein (MAVS), reduces severity of influenza infection severity and lowers influenza mortality in animal studies.
1-2 grams per day will support the immune system’s ability to fight viruses according to one site which also has a list of things that may help you beat this virus..
This substance available as a nutritional supplement encourages glutathione production, thins mucus, lowers your chances of influenza infection and reduces your risk of developing severe bronchitis. In one test so far against the virus, “there was no difference in the improvement of pneumonia as assessed by CT between NAC group and non-NAC group.” Since the virus causes increased mucus production and also inhibits the ability to get rid of that mucus, resulting in more inflammation and even more mucus, NAC seems like it should improve outcomes.
Stinging nettle is known to inhibit SARS viral replication in lungs of mice. Stinging nettle lectin Urtica dioica agglutinin (UDA), is a small plant monomeric lectin, 8.7 kDa in size, with an N-acetylglucosamine specificity that inhibits viruses. A study published in April 2011 found that UDA neutralizes the virus infectivity, presumably by binding to the SARS-CoV spike (S) glycoprotein.
Reishi, Mitake or Shiitake Mushrooms
Some mushrooms have anti-viral properties. One paper says that many different compounds isolated from various mushrooms (both edible and nonedible) have been shown to have antiviral effects. A compound found in reishi, “acidic proteinbound polysaccharide (APBP for short),” has anti-herpes virus action. Bee colonies given mycelium extract from amadou and reishi fungi saw a 79-fold reduction in deformed wing virus and a 45,000-fold reduction in Lake Sinai virus according to theMindUnleashed. The website herbslist.net states that “Maitake also has very strong antiviral properties and has been shown to kill HIV virus in lab experiments.”
Factcheck.org says there is no evidence from the current outbreak that eating garlic has protected people from the new coronavirus, but healthful.com states that garlic improves the activity of natural killer cells, a type of immune cell that is specifically designed for cold and flu viruses as well as cancer cells. One compound in garlic, Allicin, is said to slow and kill a variety of viruses and bacteria. The main antimicrobial effect of allicin comes from its chemical reaction with “thiol groups” of various enzymes.
Things that have been mentioned, which may either cause harm or help (research is needed) include:
- Nitric oxide gas inhalation. Nitric oxide (NO) is an important signaling molecule between cells which has been shown to have an inhibitory effect on some virus infections. Inhaled nitric oxide gas (NO) has shown antiviral activity against Coronavirus during the 2003 SARS outbreak. NO inhibits the replication of influenza viruses, probably during the early steps of the virus replication cycle, involving the synthesis of vRNA and mRNA encoding viral proteins. NO inhibits viral protein and RNA synthesis and an enzyme that produces NO inhibits the SARS CoV replication cycle, by up to 82% according to the claim of one person who had the virus and the respiratory distress syndrome. A direct to lung NO gas clinical trial is being undertaken by a Chinese hospital.
Shaking Viruses Apart with Lasers!
As this is True Strange News, here is a very little known strange amazing thing that very few people have even heard about, a way to kill viruses: with lasers.
“The capsid of a virus is something like the shell of a turtle,” said physicist Otto Sankey of Arizona State University. “If the shell can be compromised [by mechanical vibrations], the virus can be inactivated.” Recent experimental evidence has shown that laser pulses tuned to the right frequency can kill certain viruses. However, locating these so-called resonant frequencies is a bit of trial and error.” …
As an example of their technique, the team modeled the satellite tobacco necrosis virus and found this small virus resonates strongly around 60 Gigahertz (where one Gigahertz is a billion cycles per second), as reported in the Jan. 14 issue of Physical Review Letters. Normal cells should not be affected by the virus-killing lasers or sound waves because they have resonant frequencies much lower than those of viruses, Sankey said. Moreover, it is unlikely that viruses will develop resistance to mechanical shaking, as they do to drugs. …
One challenge is that laser light cannot penetrate the skin very deeply.
– LiveSci (By
As an interesting coincidence, 60 GHz is a frequency that will be used as 5G cell phone towers are deployed.
It’s now likely that 60GHz will become the next big frequency in wireless world, (Light Reading 2014)
It would be great to be able to walk through a laser apparatus and have all the bad viruses killed. Perhaps one day there will be such a technology, lasers that zap harmful viruses. Until such a device is available to the average consumer, there are a number of other things to try to boost your immune system and kill viruses, all the various anti-viral herbs, fore example.
There are claims that 5G is causing all of the problems, but this can’t be correct. First, there are only 34 cities with 5G in the USA at this time and Italy is mostly 4G+ almost no 5G. Second, even if 5G was secretly already in place or could be beamed from space, if Covid-19 was caused by 5G radiation, all people in the same room or area would be sick at the same time and moving people to a different location would cure them. Viruses are not created by waves from 5G towers. Here is an electron microscope image of Covid19 virus. Covid-19 virus damages the lungs causing shortness of breath. Some people die from a lack of oxygen as fluid fills the lungs. This was a symptom of SARS (2002-2003) which hit long before 5G technology. 5G was first adopted on a large scale was South Korea, in April 2019, which was reported as being a point national pride for the country. The first deaths from Covid-19 in South Korea were about 9 months later in February 2020. There are also YouTube videos of people testing 5G using 60 GHz millimeter systems and none of them has problems working around the equipment. If you are still concerned, get appropriate shielding and/or avoid 5G towers. While it appears true that a 60GHz communications system must overcome the effects of oxygen absorption, at a rate of 16dB per kilometer and that 60GHz WiFi gets absorbed most by O2 molecules in the air, way more than even a heavy rain, True Strange News found no credible evidence of 5G causing breathing problems.
The electrons in the oxygen molecules that meet the 60 GHz 5G millimeter waves get bumped into a higher energy orbit, and based on this, people like Joe Imbriano colorfully say that 5G could be a “lights out meatball” event for those near the towers. Cell phones and WiFi devices are like unshielded microwave ovens and they do have the potential to cause damage from heating. Non-thermal effects of microwave radiation are still being debated. The EPA says “some studies have shown a correlation between the occurrence of certain adverse health effects and long-term use, (but) a definitive cause and effect relationship has not been established.” This is a long debate. A decade before 5G, a telecom worker who believed he was being endangered by cell towers (it was his job to know) went berserk after he was fired for reporting a tower as hazardous and in one night destroyed 6 cell towers in Australia with a restored $1m tank. If you believe that hemoglobin will not bind correctly with oxygen that gets excited by 5G or if you are otherwise still concerned about biological effects of 5G, such as it weakening the immune system, get distance from these towers as needed. A mile should do it. Because air produces signal loss, 5G frequencies above 28 GHz don’t travel much beyond a kilometer (0.62 miles). True Strange News has found no credible evidence linking Covid-19 to 5G so it seems to be just a bad rumor, at a very bad time. The virus is bad enough. Stay calm and do what is needed to fight the real biological virus.
Negative Thoughts, Etc.
There are also folks we have talked with who believe that virus manifests in people who have excess fear or otherwise negative thoughts. Although True Strange News has experienced things we can’t explain, and although we consider the simulation theory often, there is no current evidence for thoughts being able to create things out of thin air, and this includes fearful thoughts manifesting a virus.
Your mood and thoughts can negatively or positively impact your immune system, however.
Some tips from various web sites say be sure to laugh, connect safely with others, don’t be too clean, don’t over exercise, don’t let grief continue long term unresolved, and don’t suppress negative emotions. There are many others and they are sometimes conflicting. Is it better to be a pessimist and live longer or an optimist and have a boosted immune system, for example? Feeling concerned, on guard and pensive but ready is not the same as feeling totally stressed out, terrified and helpless. Both states fit into the pessimistic box, but one, having an inner calm but being ready to fight, is more adaptive. In other words, you can express pessimistic thoughts while feeling resolute that you will do your best and then it will be what it will be.
Antibiotics work only against bacteria, not against any virus.
Smoking has no positive effect. One emergency department doctor stated that even two puffs of a cigarette will disable hair cells in your lungs, preventing effective removal of fluids and debris. It is important to stop, use a patch or whatever you have to do.
Flu or pneumonia vaccines have no effect.
Summary of Advice
While we could not verify that the email below came from Dr. James A Robb in time for publication, there is nothing in it that did not check out as advice being given by other health expert professionals, so here are some reasonable sounding recommendations below. They claim to come from Dr. James A. Robb, a pathologist who studied the virus in Boca Raton, Florida.
COVID 19 VIRUS PRECAUTIONS
Subject: What I am doing for the upcoming COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic
Dear Colleagues, as some of you may recall, when I was a professor of pathology at the University of California San Diego, I was one of the first molecular virologists in the world to work on coronaviruses (the 1970s). I was the first to demonstrate the number of genes the virus contained. Since then, I have kept up with the coronavirus field and its multiple clinical transfers into the human population (e.g., SARS, MERS), from different animal sources.
The current projections for its expansion in the US are only probable, due to continued insufficient worldwide data, but it is most likely to be widespread in the US by mid to late March and April.
Here is what I have done and the precautions that I take and will take. These are the same precautions I currently use during our influenza seasons, except for the mask and gloves:
1) NO HANDSHAKING! Use a fist bump, slight bow, elbow bump, etc.
2) Use ONLY your knuckle to touch light switches. elevator buttons, etc.. Lift the gasoline dispenser with a paper towel or use a disposable glove.
3) Open doors with your closed fist or hip – do not grasp the handle with your hand, unless there is no other way to open the door. Especially important on bathroom and post office/commercial doors.
4) Use disinfectant wipes at the stores when they are available, including wiping the handle and child seat in grocery carts.
5) Wash your hands with soap for 10-20 seconds and/or use a greater than 60% alcohol-based hand sanitizer whenever you return home
from ANY activity that involves locations where other people have been.
6) Keep a bottle of sanitizer available at each of your home’s entrances. AND in your car for use after getting gas or touching other contaminated objects when you can’t immediately wash your hands.
7) If possible, cough or sneeze into a disposable tissue and discard. Use your elbow only if you have to. The clothing on your elbow will contain infectious virus that can be passed on for up to a week or more!
What I have stocked in preparation for the pandemic spread to the US:
1) Latex or nitrile latex disposable gloves for use when going shopping, using the gasoline pump, and all other outside activity when you come in contact with contaminated areas.
Note: This virus is spread in large droplets by coughing and sneezing. This means that the air will not infect you! BUT all the surfaces where these droplets land are infectious for about a week on average – everything that is associated with infected people will be contaminated and potentially infectious. The virus is on surfaces and you will not be infected unless your unprotected face is directly coughed or sneezed upon. This virus only has cell receptors for lung cells (it only infects your lungs) The only way for the virus to infect you is through your nose or mouth via your hands or an infected cough or sneeze onto or into your nose or mouth.
2) Stock up now with disposable surgical masks and use them to prevent you from touching your nose and/or mouth (We touch our nose/mouth 90X/day without knowing it!). This is the only way this virus can infect you – it is lung-specific. The mask will not prevent the virus in a direct sneeze from getting into your nose or mouth – it is only to keep you from touching your nose or mouth.
3) Stock up now with hand sanitizers and latex/nitrile gloves (get the appropriate sizes for your family). The hand sanitizers must be alcohol-based and greater than 60% alcohol to be effective.
4) Stock up now with zinc lozenges. These lozenges have been proven to be effective in blocking coronavirus (and most other viruses) from multiplying in your throat and nasopharynx. Use as directed several times each day when you begin to feel ANY “cold-like” symptoms beginning. It is best to lie down and let the lozenge dissolve in the back of your throat and nasopharynx. Cold-Eeze lozenges is one brand available, but there are other brands available.
I, as many others do, hope that this pandemic will be reasonably contained, BUT I personally do not think it will be. Humans have never seen this snake-associated virus before and have no internal defense against it. Tremendous worldwide efforts are being made to understand the molecular and clinical virology of this virus. Unbelievable molecular knowledge about the genomics, structure, and virulence of this virus has already been achieved. BUT, there will be NO drugs or vaccines available this year to protect us or limit the infection within us. Only symptomatic support is available.
I hope these personal thoughts will be helpful during this potentially catastrophic pandemic. You are welcome to share this email.
Good luck to all of us! Jim
James Robb, MD FCAP
At the time of this update, the British Prime Minister has contracted the virus. This seems surprising given the precautions we imagine must be in place to protect world leaders. This makes us extra cautious as more protection may be needed than the basic recommendations suggest. As we have seen with China, then Italy, this virus needs to be taken very seriously.
Good luck. Stay healthy.